Bar Graph showing increase, superimposed on world map.

How Does the Military Retirement COLA Work?

Pursuant to 10 U.S. Code § 1401a, military retirement is subject to an annual Cost of Living Adjustment (COLA) based upon the Consumer Price Index. However, one caveat – if the increase would be under 1%, the retirement is not increased that year, but instead is “banked” and the retirement is only increased once the cumulative COLAs would exceed 1%, hence there have been years when certain retirees don’t actually receive a COLA. (See the history of COLAs from 1998 to present from the Department of Defense for year-by-year specifics).

The military retirement COLA is based upon the calculations used by the Social Security Administration, and the same increase applies to most federal retirees, Social Security recipients, VA disability, and military retirement.

The 2020 Military Retirement Cost of Living Adjustment

The Social Security Administration announced a cost of living adjustment for 2020 of 1.6%. This contrasts to the 2.8% COLA military retirees received in 2019.

Military Retirement COLAMilitary Retirement COLA

Former spouses who are receiving a percentage share of the military retirement (the overwhelming majority of former spouses) will also see the same 1.6% increase. If the former spouse is receiving his/her share of the retirement directly from DFAS due to having more than 10 years of service, neither the retiree nor former spouse needs to do anything, as DFAS will automatically adjust the share.

However, if the retiree is paying the former spouse’s share himself/herself, then the retiree will need to adjust manually the monthly payment to factor in the cost of living adjustment.

More Information

See the article Understanding Military Retirement Pay in the Military Divorce Guide for a full explanation of the military retirement system.

And click on this page to learn more about Graham.Law‘s acclaimed military divorce practice – we know how to represent both service members and their families.

Award-Winning Colorado Springs Military Divorce Law Firm

Graham.Law TeamGraham.Law Team

U.S. News & World Report calls Graham.Law one of the Best Law Firms in America, and our managing partner is a Colorado Super Lawyer. Our family law attorneys have years of experience helping clients navigate the Colorado legal system. We know Colorado divorce & family law inside and out, from complex multi-million dollar property or child custody cases to basic child support modifications.

For more information about our top-rated El Paso County family law firm, contact us by filling out our contact form, calling us at (719) 630-1123 to set up a free consult, or click on:

Colorado Family Law. Period.